Starporträt

Barack Obama

56 Jahre

Barack Obama ist viel mehr als nur der ehemalige Präsident der USA. Dank seines Charmes und Humors ist er längst Teil der Popkultur.Barack Obama ist viel mehr als nur der ehemalige Präsident der USA. Dank seines Charmes und Humors ist er längst Teil der Popkultur.

  • Geboren , Honolulu, Hawaii / USA
  • VornameBarack Hussein II
  • Name Obama
  • Grösse 1.85 m
  • Sternzeichen Löwe

Biografie von Barack Obama

Als 44. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika schlug von 2009 bis 2017 Wellen in der Weltpolitik, doch auch das Spiel mit den Medien beherrscht der gebürtige Hawaiianer. Ob nun auf Twitter, YouTube oder einfach singend am Rednerpult - immer wieder beweist Obama, dass er nicht nur Politiker der Herzen ist, sondern auch popkulturellen Wert hat.

Von den Großeltern aufgezogen

Die Eltern des US-Staatsoberhauptes taten etwas, was während der 60er in vielen Bundesstaaten Amerikas noch undenkbar war: Stanley Ann Dunham – eine aus Wichita, Kansas, stammende Anthropologie-Studentin mit irischen, britischen und deutschen Vorfahren – heiratete 1961 in Hawaii ihren Kommilitonen Barack Hussein Obama Senior, einen Afrikaner aus Nyang'oma Kogelo in Kenia. Damals waren Ehen zwischen Weißen und Schwarzen noch verpönt – und leider hielt die Liebe nicht. 1964 ließ sich das Paar wieder scheiden, als ihr Sohn gerade mal drei Jahre alt war. Dieser wuchs von 1967 bis 1971 in Indonesien auf, nachdem seine Mutter einen indonesischen Ölmanager geheiratet hatte und für diesen umgesiedelt war. Dann ging es zurück nach Hawaii, wo Obama von seinen Großeltern mütterlicherseits aufgenommen und fortan großgezogen wurde.

Ausbildung zum Rechtsanwalt und politische Karriere

Obwohl sich Obama während seiner frühen Schulzeit für Basketball begeisterte, zog es ihn schließlich in die Politikwissenschaft. Diese studierte er an der Columbia University in New York City. Bevor er politisch aktiv wurde, drückte der charismatische Amerikaner aber nochmal die Schulbank, diesmal an der Harvard Law School, wo er von 1985 bis 1988 Rechtswissenschaft studierte. Seine ersten Schritte als Politiker machte Barack Obama dann 1992 in Chicago: Er startete eine erfolgreiche Initiative, um afroamerikanische Bürger zur Wahlregistrierung zu bewegen, spezialisierte sich auf Bürgerrechte und lehrte sogar Verfassungsrecht an der University of Chicago. Kein Wunder, dass er es 1996 in den Senat von Illinois schaffte und sich unter anderem für ein besseres Gesundheitswesen stark machte. So richtig auf den Plan trat er dann erstmals 2004, als er sich als Kandidat der Demokraten für den US-Senat durchsetzte und anschließend als Vertreter des Staates Illinois das Senatorenamt übernahm.

Präsident der Herzen

Nachdem Obama 2007 sein Ziel verkündet hatte, Präsident zu werden, war es im Dezember 2008 dann endlich soweit: Er stach mit einer klaren Mehrheit seinen republikanischen Kontrahenten John McCain aus und wurde im Januar 2009 in das heiß ersehnte Amt eingeführt. Obwohl Obama für seinen Führungsstil nicht nur Lob, sondern auch Kritik erntete, schaffte er es im Herbst 2012 zum zweiten Mal die Präsidentschaftswahl für sich zu entscheiden, diesmal im Wahlkampf gegen Mitt Romney. Die Krönung seiner Politikerkarriere kam jedoch im Dezember 2009: Für seine "außergewöhnlichen Bemühungen, die internationale Diplomatie und die Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Völkern zu stärken", wurde er mit dem Friedensnobelpreis bedacht.

Familienmensch und liebender Vater

Nicht nur als Politiker ist Barack Obama bekannt – in der Öffentlichkeit zeigt sich der Staatschef auch gerne von seiner persönlichen Seite und inszeniert sich gekonnt als liebender Ehemann und fürsorglicher Papa. Mit seiner Frau , die er 1992 heiratete, zieht er die beiden Töchter Malia Ann und Natasha (Spitzname Sasha) groß. Bei Malias Schulabschlussfeier gingen die Bilder eines emotionalen Präsidenten um die Welt. Ganz Vater verdrückte Obama einige Tränen, als er seine Tochter ein großes Kapitel abschließen sah. "Sie ist eine meiner besten Freunde… und es wird hart sein, sie nicht mehr die ganze Zeit um mich zu haben. Aber sie ist bereit für den Aufbruch. Ich bin nicht bereit dafür, dass sie geht. Aber sie ist mehr als bereit". Nach einem freien Jahr begann Malia, wie es sich für eine Präsidententochter gehört, an der Eliteuni Harvard zu studieren.

Barack Obama, der Social Media-Star

Ganz modern hält Barack Obama mit Twitter seine Anhänger auf dem Laufenden, während auf YouTube öfter mal lustige Mash-Up-Videos hochgeladen werden, in denen der Präsident Hits wie 'Call Me Maybe' und 'Uptown Funk' "singt" und einem weltweiten Publikum vor Lachen Tränen in die Augen treibt. Wie das funktioniert? Der YouTube-Kanal 'baracksdubs' verarbeitet kleine Teile aus den Reden des US-Präsidenten und puzzelt sie zu Charterfolgen zusammen. Diese ungeahnte Publicity hat Barack Obama inzwischen schon zur Kultfigur der Popszene gemacht, die weit über sein einstiges Präsidentenamt hinausgeht.

Barack Obamas letzte Zeit im Weißen Haus

Wenn man Barack Obama besonders in den letzten zwei Jahren seiner Präsidentschaft zusah, konnte man sich eines Eindrucks sicher nicht erwehren: Obama hatte einen Mordsspaß. Ohne Gedanken daran verschwenden zu müssen, ob er wiedergewählt werden würde, manövrierte er so viel am republikanisch beherrschten Kongress vorbei, wie verfassungsrechtlich möglich, und nahm öffentlich Stellung zu Themen, um die er bisher eher einen Bogen gemacht hatte, wie das Recht, Waffen zu tragen, und Rassismus – auch der Polizei – gegenüber Schwarzen in den Vereinigten Staaten. Außerdem machte er der designierten Präsidentschaftskandidatin der Demokraten, Hillary Clinton, den Rücken stark in ihrem Wahlkampf gegen den Populisten Donald Trump, der bis heute weltweit mit seinen Tiraden gegen unter anderem Einwanderer, Muslime und Mexikaner für Empörung sorgt. Obamas Humor und Schlagfertigkeit machten seine Stellungnahmen gegen Trump zu YouTube-Bestsellern und es verwundert nicht, dass Obama selbst sagte, er wäre gerne im Wahlkampf gegen Trump angetreten. Nichtsdestotrotz redete er dem amerikanischen Volk auch ernsthaft ins Gewissen. "Das ist der Mann, der die Atomwaffen-Codes in Händen halten würde", warnt Barack Obama. Doch alle Bemühungen scheiterten: Donald Trump wurde zum 45. US-Präsidenten gewählt und beerbte Obama ab Januar 2017 offiziell im Weißen Haus.

Und was macht Obama heute?

Womit der Präsident der Herzen sich nach seiner Zeit im Weißen Haus beschäftigen wird, darüber gibt es bisher nur Spekulationen. Sicherlich wird er aber wie seine ganze Familie die kleinen Normalitäten des Lebens in vollen Zügen genießen, die einem Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten unmöglich sind. Mit 55 Jahren zum Zeitpunkt des Endes seiner Amtszeit ist er der jüngste Altpräsident der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten und wird sich sicherlich darüber freuen, dass der Wecker nicht mehr jeden Morgen zu unsäglicher Uhrzeit klingelt. Ausschlafen ist nicht umsonst eines seiner lang ersehnten Vorhaben nach den anstrengenden und kräftezehrenden Amtszeiten. Weitere Vorhaben des Ex-Präsidenten: Er möchte, ebenso wie seine Frau Michelle, seine Memoiren schreiben, und auch seine Lehrtätigkeit an der Uni wieder aufnehmen. Überquellende Hörsäle sind ihm jetzt schon garantiert. Doch ganz aus der Öffentlichkeit zurückziehen wird sich ein Barack Obama nicht. Mit seiner Stiftung, der Obama-Foundation, setzt sich der ehemalige Berufspolitiker für die Förderung junger Menschen in politischer Hinsicht ein und streut seine Botschaften auch in öffentlichen Reden, so z.B. an der Seite von Kanzlerin Angela Merkel beim Evangelischen Kirchentag am 25. Mai 2017 in Berlin. Aus aktuellen politischen Fragen will sich Obama hingegen heraushalten, wie er in einem Interview verriet. Doch wenn es "um Kernfragen unserer Werte und Ideale" gehe, behalte er sich vor, sich zu Wort zu melden. Ein Politiker mit Überzeugungen bleibt eben für immer ein Politiker mit Überzeugungen. 

Social Media von Barack Obama

I just got off a call to say thanks to folks who are working hard to help Americans around the country sign up for health care. But it's up to all of us to help to spread the word and tell people they can sign up through this Friday at HealthCare.gov or 1-800-318-2596. Every plan that you can shop for right now includes free preventive care, like checkups, mammograms, and contraceptive care. There are no more annual or lifetime limits on the essential care you receive. And insurers can't discriminate against you if you've got a preexisting condition. Plus, most people can find plans with monthly premiums under $75. Don't delay — head over to HealthCare.gov and check out your options.

11.12.2017

Just got off a call to thank folks who are working hard to help more Americans across the country sign up for healt… https://t.co/A9QvCySWJ8

11.12.2017

RT @ObamaFoundation: Watch: We hosted a Town Hall in New Delhi with @BarackObama and young leaders about how to drive change and make an im…

04.12.2017

I’m about to join a town hall with young people from all over India who are charting the course for a better future. I hope you’ll tune in.

01.12.2017

Michelle and I are delighted to congratulate Prince Harry and Meghan Markle on their engagement. We wish you a life… https://t.co/KC9nmjZPuX

27.11.2017

From the Obama family to yours, we wish you a Happy Thanksgiving full of joy and gratitude.

23.11.2017

From the Obama family to yours, we wish you a Happy Thanksgiving full of joy and gratitude. https://t.co/xAvSQwjQkz

23.11.2017

ME: Joe, about halfway through the speech, I’m gonna wish you a happy birth-- BIDEN: IT’S MY BIRTHDAY! ME: Joe.… https://t.co/5qLUsDoaMi

20.11.2017

RT @ObamaFoundation: Today, we honor those who have honored our country with its highest form of service. https://t.co/IbJNCwIofL https://t…

11.11.2017

Yesterday, I dropped by a service project in Northeast D.C., where a group of veterans were fixing up a public housing project. Just think about that for a moment. On a day dedicated to honoring their sacrifice, these veterans chose to honor their fellow citizens. They chose to roll up their sleeves and ask, “Now, what else can I do?” Today is a day to honor those who have honored our country with its highest form of service. We owe our veterans our thanks. Our respect. Our freedom. Today, we humbly acknowledge that we can never truly serve our veterans in quite the same way that they served us. But we can try. We can practice kindness. We can volunteer. We can serve. We can respect one another. We can have each other’s backs. We can ask, “Now, what else can I do?”

11.11.2017

This is what happens when the people vote. Congrats @RalphNortham and @PhilMurphyNJ . And congratulations to all th… https://t.co/ZvUKZIDGAj

08.11.2017

Every election matters - those who show up determine our future. Go vote tomorrow! https://t.co/j1wh8hLamw

07.11.2017

01.11.2017

Starting today, you can sign up for 2018 health coverage. Head on over to HealthCare.gov and find a plan that meets your needs and your budget. And spread the word so your friends and family can, too.

01.11.2017

Tonight, the ex-Presidents are getting together in Texas to support all our fellow Americans rebuilding from this year’s hurricanes. Join us. Tune in and find out how you can help at OneAmericaAppeal.org.

22.10.2017

I feel lucky to spend time with young leaders like these. Keep up the good work, São Paulo.

06.10.2017

When I left office, I told you all that the single most important thing I could do would be to help prepare the next generation of leaders to take their own crack at changing the world. The Obama Foundation Fellows program is looking to do just that -- train and support civic innovators who are solving problems in their communities in creative and powerful ways. Apply to join our inaugural class of twenty Fellows by Friday, October 6th: www.Obama.org/Fellowship

05.10.2017

I dropped in on Michelle’s talk at the Pennsylvania Conference for Women to deliver a message on our 25th wedding anniversary. Asking you to go out with me is the best decision I ever made. I love you, Michelle.

03.10.2017

Michelle and I want the Obama Foundation to inspire and empower people to change the world. Here's how we're getting started this fall - I hope you'll be a part of it.

13.09.2017

America’s long journey towards equality has been guided by countless small acts of persistence, and fueled by the stubborn willingness of quiet heroes to speak out for what’s right. Few were as small in stature as Edie Windsor – and few made as big a difference to America. I had the privilege to speak with Edie a few days ago, and to tell her one more time what a difference she made to this country we love. She was engaged to her partner, Thea, for forty years. After a wedding in Canada, they were married for less than two. But federal law didn’t recognize a marriage like theirs as valid – which meant that they were denied certain federal rights and benefits that other married couples enjoyed. And when Thea passed away, Edie spoke up – not for special treatment, but for equal treatment – so that other legally married same-sex couples could enjoy the same federal rights and benefits as anyone else. In my second inaugural address, I said that if we are truly created equal, then surely the love we commit to one another must be equal as well. And because people like Edie stood up, my administration stopped defending the so-called Defense of Marriage Act in the courts. The day that the Supreme Court issued its 2013 ruling in United States v. Windsor was a great day for Edie, and a great day for America – a victory for human decency, equality, freedom, and justice. And I called Edie that day to congratulate her. Two years later, to the day, we took another step forward on our journey as the Supreme Court recognized a Constitutional guarantee of marriage equality. It was a victory for families, and for the principle that all of us should be treated equally, regardless of who we are or who we love. I thought about Edie that day. I thought about all the millions of quiet heroes across the decades whose countless small acts of courage slowly made an entire country realize that love is love – and who, in the process, made us all more free. They deserve our gratitude. And so does Edie. Michelle and I offer our condolences to her wife, Judith, and to all who loved and looked up to Edie Windsor.

13.09.2017

Americans always answer the call. OneAmericaAppeal.org

08.09.2017

Immigration can be a controversial topic. We all want safe, secure borders and a dynamic economy, and people of goodwill can have legitimate disagreements about how to fix our immigration system so that everybody plays by the rules. But that’s not what the action that the White House took today is about. This is about young people who grew up in America – kids who study in our schools, young adults who are starting careers, patriots who pledge allegiance to our flag. These Dreamers are Americans in their hearts, in their minds, in every single way but one: on paper. They were brought to this country by their parents, sometimes even as infants. They may not know a country besides ours. They may not even know a language besides English. They often have no idea they’re undocumented until they apply for a job, or college, or a driver’s license. Over the years, politicians of both parties have worked together to write legislation that would have told these young people – our young people – that if your parents brought you here as a child, if you’ve been here a certain number of years, and if you’re willing to go to college or serve in our military, then you’ll get a chance to stay and earn your citizenship. And for years while I was President, I asked Congress to send me such a bill. That bill never came. And because it made no sense to expel talented, driven, patriotic young people from the only country they know solely because of the actions of their parents, my administration acted to lift the shadow of deportation from these young people, so that they could continue to contribute to our communities and our country. We did so based on the well-established legal principle of prosecutorial discretion, deployed by Democratic and Republican presidents alike, because our immigration enforcement agencies have limited resources, and it makes sense to focus those resources on those who come illegally to this country to do us harm. Deportations of criminals went up. Some 800,000 young people stepped forward, met rigorous requirements, and went through background checks. And America grew stronger as a result. But today, that shadow has been cast over some of our best and brightest young people once again. To target these young people is wrong – because they have done nothing wrong. It is self-defeating – because they want to start new businesses, staff our labs, serve in our military, and otherwise contribute to the country we love. And it is cruel. What if our kid’s science teacher, or our friendly neighbor turns out to be a Dreamer? Where are we supposed to send her? To a country she doesn’t know or remember, with a language she may not even speak? Let’s be clear: the action taken today isn’t required legally. It’s a political decision, and a moral question. Whatever concerns or complaints Americans may have about immigration in general, we shouldn’t threaten the future of this group of young people who are here through no fault of their own, who pose no threat, who are not taking away anything from the rest of us. They are that pitcher on our kid’s softball team, that first responder who helps out his community after a disaster, that cadet in ROTC who wants nothing more than to wear the uniform of the country that gave him a chance. Kicking them out won’t lower the unemployment rate, or lighten anyone’s taxes, or raise anybody’s wages. It is precisely because this action is contrary to our spirit, and to common sense, that business leaders, faith leaders, economists, and Americans of all political stripes called on the administration not to do what it did today. And now that the White House has shifted its responsibility for these young people to Congress, it’s up to Members of Congress to protect these young people and our future. I’m heartened by those who’ve suggested that they should. And I join my voice with the majority of Americans who hope they step up and do it with a sense of moral urgency that matches the urgency these young people feel. Ultimately, this is about basic decency. This is about whether we are a people who kick hopeful young strivers out of America, or whether we treat them the way we’d want our own kids to be treated. It’s about who we are as a people – and who we want to be. What makes us American is not a question of what we look like, or where our names come from, or the way we pray. What makes us American is our fidelity to a set of ideals – that all of us are created equal; that all of us deserve the chance to make of our lives what we will; that all of us share an obligation to stand up, speak out, and secure our most cherished values for the next generation. That’s how America has traveled this far. That’s how, if we keep at it, we will ultimately reach that more perfect union.

05.09.2017

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29.08.2017

Our politics are divided. They have been for a long time. And while I know that division makes it difficult to listen to Americans with whom we disagree, that’s what we need to do today. I recognize that repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act has become a core tenet of the Republican Party. Still, I hope that our Senators, many of whom I know well, step back and measure what’s really at stake, and consider that the rationale for action, on health care or any other issue, must be something more than simply undoing something that Democrats did. We didn’t fight for the Affordable Care Act for more than a year in the public square for any personal or political gain – we fought for it because we knew it would save lives, prevent financial misery, and ultimately set this country we love on a better, healthier course. Nor did we fight for it alone. Thousands upon thousands of Americans, including Republicans, threw themselves into that collective effort, not for political reasons, but for intensely personal ones – a sick child, a parent lost to cancer, the memory of medical bills that threatened to derail their dreams. And you made a difference. For the first time, more than ninety percent of Americans know the security of health insurance. Health care costs, while still rising, have been rising at the slowest pace in fifty years. Women can’t be charged more for their insurance, young adults can stay on their parents’ plan until they turn 26, contraceptive care and preventive care are now free. Paying more, or being denied insurance altogether due to a preexisting condition – we made that a thing of the past. We did these things together. So many of you made that change possible. At the same time, I was careful to say again and again that while the Affordable Care Act represented a significant step forward for America, it was not perfect, nor could it be the end of our efforts – and that if Republicans could put together a plan that is demonstrably better than the improvements we made to our health care system, that covers as many people at less cost, I would gladly and publicly support it. That remains true. So I still hope that there are enough Republicans in Congress who remember that public service is not about sport or notching a political win, that there’s a reason we all chose to serve in the first place, and that hopefully, it’s to make people’s lives better, not worse. But right now, after eight years, the legislation rushed through the House and the Senate without public hearings or debate would do the opposite. It would raise costs, reduce coverage, roll back protections, and ruin Medicaid as we know it. That’s not my opinion, but rather the conclusion of all objective analyses, from the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office, which found that 23 million Americans would lose insurance, to America’s doctors, nurses, and hospitals on the front lines of our health care system. The Senate bill, unveiled today, is not a health care bill. It’s a massive transfer of wealth from middle-class and poor families to the richest people in America. It hands enormous tax cuts to the rich and to the drug and insurance industries, paid for by cutting health care for everybody else. Those with private insurance will experience higher premiums and higher deductibles, with lower tax credits to help working families cover the costs, even as their plans might no longer cover pregnancy, mental health care, or expensive prescriptions. Discrimination based on pre-existing conditions could become the norm again. Millions of families will lose coverage entirely. Simply put, if there’s a chance you might get sick, get old, or start a family – this bill will do you harm. And small tweaks over the course of the next couple weeks, under the guise of making these bills easier to stomach, cannot change the fundamental meanness at the core of this legislation. I hope our Senators ask themselves – what will happen to the Americans grappling with opioid addiction who suddenly lose their coverage? What will happen to pregnant mothers, children with disabilities, poor adults and seniors who need long-term care once they can no longer count on Medicaid? What will happen if you have a medical emergency when insurance companies are once again allowed to exclude the benefits you need, send you unlimited bills, or set unaffordable deductibles? What impossible choices will working parents be forced to make if their child’s cancer treatment costs them more than their life savings? To put the American people through that pain – while giving billionaires and corporations a massive tax cut in return – that’s tough to fathom. But it’s what’s at stake right now. So it remains my fervent hope that we step back and try to deliver on what the American people need. That might take some time and compromise between Democrats and Republicans. But I believe that’s what people want to see. I believe it would demonstrate the kind of leadership that appeals to Americans across party lines. And I believe that it’s possible – if you are willing to make a difference again. If you’re willing to call your members of Congress. If you are willing to visit their offices. If you are willing to speak out, let them and the country know, in very real terms, what this means for you and your family. After all, this debate has always been about something bigger than politics. It’s about the character of our country – who we are, and who we aspire to be. And that’s always worth fighting for.

22.06.2017

Tonight at 9 p.m. Eastern Time, President Obama delivers his farewell address in Chicago. Don't miss it.

11.01.2017

"Our goal wasn't just to make sure more people have coverage—it was to make sure more people have better coverage." —President Obama

05.11.2016

05.11.2016

Today marks a crucial step forward in the fight against climate change, as the historic Paris Climate Agreement officially enters into force. Let's keep pushing for progress.

04.11.2016

The economic progress we're making is undeniable—and it's up to all of us to keep building an economy that works for all Americans.

04.11.2016

Obamacare was designed on the principle that health care coverage that's affordable, accessible to all, and free from discrimination should be a right, not a privilege. We can't afford to let opponents roll that back.

03.11.2016

Millions of Americans are benefiting from Obamacare.

03.11.2016

Gracias al Obamacare, es más fácil mantenerse sano con cuidado preventivo.

02.11.2016

Open enrollment is back—but only for a limited time.

01.11.2016